Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO) member countries agree to run regional project implementing IWRM in the Amazon River Basin
The 8-member countries of the Amazon Cooperation Treaty Organization (ACTO), namely Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, Guyana, Peru, Surinam and Venezuela joined to run the “Integrated Management and Sustainable Regional Project for Transboundary Water Resources in the Amazon River Basin,” considering variability and climate change.
ACTO member countries move to protect water resources in the Amazon basin
Amazonian rivers contribute approximately 20% of the world’s freshwater in the oceans, which is more than the Missouri-Mississippi, Nile and Yangtze rivers combined. Its basin has 25,000 kilometers of navigable rivers. The Amazon River is 6900 kilometers long, is the largest in the world with over a thousand tributaries, and has the highest water discharge volume (220,000 m3 per second, representing 15.47% of the daily discharge of fresh water into the oceans).
The Amazon represents 6% of the planet’s surface, and occupies 40% of the territory of South America. Its approximately 38.7 million people account for 11% of the population of the eight Amazonian countries.The Amazon basin is the largest river basin in the world, which crosses national borders of eight South American countries and is the most important element of the global water circulation. The sustainable development of the Amazon River basin requires a coordinated government strategy among Amazonian countries to address environmental and social impacts caused by extreme weather events and human activities affecting the ecosystem.
“The project seeks to achieve a shared vision for the development of the region, based on the needs and interests of Amazonian society and propose a Strategic Action Programme (SAP). It aims to strengthen the institutional framework for the planning and implementation of strategic activities of protection and management of water resources in the Amazon basin, in a process involving the stakeholders,” said Mauricio Dorfler, Executive Director of ACTO.