Article 5

5.1.4 Equitable participation

Article 5 (2) embodies the concept of ‘equitable participation,’ which acknowledges the fact that only cooperative action by all watercourse states can produce the optimal benefits for each of them, while supporting the equitable and reasonable utilisation and the adequate protection of the international watercourse. Hence, the concept of equitable participation directly flows from the principle of equitable and reasonable utilisation – since the latter requires the former. Equitable participation, then, gives states the right to the cooperation of co-riparians regarding the measures necessary for the ‘adequate protection’ of the watercourse, which is linked to the general obligation to cooperate contained in Article 8 of the UNWC.216

216 1994 Draft Articles, Art 5 at 97, para 3.

Video: Alistair Rieu-Clarke Video: Alistair Rieu-Clarke What is the relationship between the Principle of Equitable & Reasonable Use and the No-Significant-Harm Rule in the UNWC?

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Equitable and Reasonable Utilisation

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